Asthma Symptoms – What else are they telling you?


This exercise is particularly healing for those who insist “I can’t draw’’ and “I’m a terrible artist.’’ If you hear negative comments regarding your work, remember that’s not you, it’s a member of the Committee, intent on sabotaging your effort. Now spend a few minutes with what you’ve done. Notice how you feel as you look at your work. If there’s anything that you find powerful, surprising, or interesting, take some time out and write about it in your journal. In the next chapter you will continue working with this image to Undo it.




By now, you have begun to create a different relationship with asthma symptoms. Instead of just trying to get rid of the symptom, as in conventional Western medicine, you are learning how to Focus on the symptom’s meaning and message. For, until we listen to the message of the symptom, it continues to repeat itself in one form or another. If you hold a belief that physical symptoms have no meaning besides your bodily discomfort, we suggest you suspend this way of thinking. Your Committee will be more than glad to hold onto it for you until you decide you want it back.

When you listen without analyzing or drawing conclusions, symptoms reveal themselves. A symptom may speak to you during an imagery exercise, while writing in your journal, in a dream, or as a spontaneous insight that seems to come out of nowhere. This next section describes how Focusing through breathing, singing, and a unique exercise called the Breathometer (pronounced like barometer or thermometer) can shift your relationship to your symptoms and empower you to live joyfully and breathe freely.

BreathWorks: Singing, Breathing, and Healing

How often do you fully release your breath? When, if ever, do you sing out with joy and let go of sadness and pent-up emotions? How important is the relationship of letting go to breathing? And what can singing offer in the process of channeling both breath and emotion?

On a video produced by the Carl Stough Institute of Breathing Coordination,Lauren Flanigan, an operatic soprano and an asthmatic, describes her symptoms as claustrophobic. Claustrophobia involves a fear of being closed in, confined in a narrow space. It is the phobic concomitant of an asthma symptom. In Flanigan’s case, her claustrophobic symptoms mirrored the torment of her emotional confinement to grief. Even the music she chose involved sadness, grieving, and loss. Chinese medicine sees grief as an important sign of “internal cold,” which affects both the lungs and the adrenal glands. Grief makes it harder for us to breathe — it’s what we “hold” in our chest or gut.

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Most of the nosocomial primary BSIs were caused by Gram-positive organisms

in Disease, by Foxy

On January 1, 1999, all adult critically ill patients were moved to new and larger SICU and MICU facilities. The rate of nosocomial infections was calculated before and after the introduction of the AIC as an intervention for the time periods that preceded the move. On August 1, 1998, the AICs were introduced to the MICU and SICU. In the old unit, the rate of nosocomial BSIs decreased from 6.8 per 1,000 patient-days prior to the introduction of the AICs (ie, September 1, 1997, to July 31, 1998) to 1.9 per 1,000 patient-days after their introduction (ie, August 1 to December 31, 1998) [p < 0.001]. Similarly, the rate of documented catheter-related infections decreased from 3.4 per 1,000 patient days to 0.2 per 1,000 patient-days (p = 0.003) during the two time periods described above. In addition, the rate of nosocomial Gram-positive BSIs significantly decreased during the same time periods (p < 0.01) and tended to decrease for nosocomial Gram-negative BSIs (p = 0.06).

Most of the nosocomial primary BSIs were caused by Gram-positive organisms. When calculated in terms of 1,000 patient-days, there was a significant decrease in nosocomial Gram-positive BSIs from FY 1998 to FY 1999. For specific Gram-positive organisms, there was a significant decrease in the rate of nosocomial BSIs independently for VRE infections, coagulase-negative staphylococci, and vancomycin-sensitive enterococci (p < 0.05). In addition, the rate of nosocomial BSIs caused by Gram-negative bacillary organisms tended to decrease from 1 per 1,000 patient-days in FY 1998 to 0.2 per 1,000 patient-days in FY 1999 (p = 0 0.06). Within the limitations of small numbers, there was no significant decrease in the frequency of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections or Candida infections for the two time periods. In three of eight (38%) of the nosocomial VRE bacteremias diagnosed in FY 1998, the catheter was documented as the source of the BSI.

Seven of the eight VRE isolates were available for susceptibility testing. Five of the seven isolates were susceptible to minocycline (MIC, < 2 g/mL). There were two additional VRE bacteremic isolates, one of which was resistant to minocycline (MIC, 8 g/mL) but was highly susceptible to rifampin (MIC, < 0.06 g/mL). The other VRE bacteremic isolate had intermediate susceptibility to minocycline (MIC, 4 g/mL) but was highly resistant to rifampin (MIC, > 128 g/mL) Tretinoin cream Canada. Hence, six of the seven isolates were susceptible either to minocycline or rifampin, and therefore, the catheters impregnated with minocycline and rifampin had a zone of inhibition of > 11 mm against these same isolates.


Hypersensitivity pneumonitis

in Disease, by Foxy

Conclusion: CT findings of parenchymal fibrosis are associated with reduced survival in patients with HP and may serve as a useful prognostic indicator.

Key words: CT; hypersensitivity pneumonitis; prognosis; pulmonary fibrosis Abbreviations: HP = hypersensitivity pneumonitis; HRCT = high-resolution CT

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP), also known as extrinsic allergic alveolitis, is an immunologically induced inflammatory disease involving the lung parenchyma and terminal airways secondary to repeated inhalation of an inciting agent in a sensitized host. The inciting agent may be derived from a wide variety of fungal, bacterial, animal, or chemical sources. Three clinical presentations are generally recognized: acute, subacute, and chronic. The clinical course associated with HP is variable. With early diagnosis and avoidance of the offending antigen, the prognosis tends to be favorable and permanent respiratory impairment can be avoided. However, chronic forms of HP may be complicated by development of pulmonary fibrosis and progressive respiratory insufficiency.

Histopathologic evidence of fibrosis on surgical lung biopsy has been associated with reduced survival in patients with HP and allows for identification of patients at higher risk of mortality. However, surgical lung biopsy is not commonly employed in the diagnosis of HP. In contrast, high-resolution CT (HRCT) is routinely obtained in the course of evaluating patients with interstitial lung diseases. HRCT features of HP are well recognized and include a spectrum of abnor-malities. In this study, we sought to correlate HRCT evidence of parenchymal fibrosis with survival in a consecutive series of patients with HP seen at our tertiary care medical center.

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